Prof. Luca Pietrantoni
Alma mater studiorum
University of Bologna
Cyclists suffer a disproportionate share of serious injuries and fatalities, and indeed in recent years that disadvantage has been growing. At the same time, they often are not treated equally by traffic systems.
The Horizon 2020 EU-funded XCYCLE Project produced technologies aimed at improving active and passive detection of cyclists, systems informing both drivers and cyclists of an hazard at junctions, effective methods of presenting information in vehicles and on-site and cooperation systems aimed at reducing collisions with cyclists.
An in-vehicle detection system and a system of threat mitigation and risk avoidance by traffic signals have been created, as well as a demo bicycle with a cooperative technology. All innovative and integrated solutions have been tested and verified through use cases in the city of Braunschweig (DE) and on a mobile platform.
The development process adopted a user-centred approach and conducted behavioural evaluation, using eye tracking data and an evaluation of human-machine interface. In the Cost-Benefit Analysis, behavioural changes have been translated into estimated crashes and casualties saved per system.
The project has been achieved by a highly multidisciplinary consortium, composed by a well-balanced team with complementary expertise across different topics and a range of backgrounds: behavioural scientists, engineers, ICT experts. It included two research institutes, three universities, three Larger companies and one SME.
The XCYCLE project has contributed to innovative, efficient and advanced safety measures to reduce the number of accidents, often of high severity, involving cyclists in interaction with motorised vehicles. Knowledge and tools provided by this project will continue on promoting the development of the European Road Safety Observatory (ERSO) and responded to the Transport White Paper's "Vision Zero" objectives.
The XCYCLE Project started on June 1st, 2015 and, after three years of enthusiastic work, it has ended its activities on November 2018.